Monday, 01 March 2021 00:00

Why Do Bunions Develop?

The largest joint in the big toe is referred to as the metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint. The MTP joint helps to balance the body’s weight while performing daily activities.  A bunion is a bony protrusion that is considered to be a deformity that forms at this specific joint. It can develop from genetic factors, or from wearing shoes that do not have adequate room for the toes to move freely in. It may cause the second and third toe to overlap, and larger shoes may need to be worn. In larger bunions, a callus may form on top of the toe, and this is generally a result of excess friction that is caused by the shoe. Mild relief may be found when a protective pad is worn over the bunion. If you have developed this condition, it is best that you speak with a podiatrist who may suggest surgery for permanent removal.

If you are suffering from bunion pain, contact the foot specialists of Podiatry Associates of Belleville. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

Bunions are painful bony bumps that usually develop on the inside of the foot at the joint of the big toe. As the deformity increases over time, it may become painful to walk and wear shoes. Women are more likely to exacerbate existing bunions since they often wear tight, narrow shoes that shift their toes together. Bunion pain can be relieved by wearing wider shoes with enough room for the toes.


  • Genetics – some people inherit feet that are more prone to bunion development
  • Inflammatory Conditions - rheumatoid arthritis and polio may cause bunion development


  • Redness and inflammation
  • Pain and tenderness
  • Callus or corns on the bump
  • Restricted motion in the big toe

In order to diagnose your bunion, your podiatrist may ask about your medical history, symptoms, and general health. Your doctor might also order an x-ray to take a closer look at your feet. Nonsurgical treatment options include orthotics, padding, icing, changes in footwear, and medication. If nonsurgical treatments don’t alleviate your bunion pain, surgery may be necessary.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Belleville, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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