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Risk Factors of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

Tarsal tunnel syndrome is a condition characterized by the compression of the tibial nerve as it passes through the tarsal tunnel in the ankle. Several factors can increase the risk of developing this syndrome. Some individuals may have foot structures that predispose them to tarsal tunnel syndrome. This includes flat feet or high arches, which can create abnormal pressure on the tibial nerve within the tarsal tunnel. Previous ankle injuries, fractures, or sprains can damage the structures within the tarsal tunnel, potentially leading to compression of the tibial nerve. Underlying medical conditions, such as diabetes, arthritis, or peripheral neuropathy, can increase the risk of nerve compression within the tarsal tunnel. Engaging in activities that involve repetitive foot movements or prolonged standing can strain the tibial nerve, raising the risk of tarsal tunnel syndrome. Wearing improperly fitting shoes or those lacking proper support can contribute to nerve compression in the tarsal tunnel. Excess body weight can exert added pressure on the foot and ankle, potentially compressing the tibial nerve. If you suffer from pain, numbness, or tingling in your ankle, it is suggested that you schedule an appointment with a podiatrist for a proper diagnosis and treatment.

Tarsal tunnel syndrome can be very uncomfortable to live with. If you are experiencing tarsal tunnel syndrome, contact the foot specialists of Podiatry Associates of Belleville. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

Tarsal tunnel syndrome, which can also be called tibial nerve dysfunction, is an uncommon condition of misfiring peripheral nerves in the foot. The tibial nerve is the peripheral nerve in the leg responsible for sensation and movement of the foot and calf muscles. In tarsal tunnel syndrome, the tibial nerve is damaged, causing problems with movement and feeling in the foot of the affected leg.

Common Cause of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

  • Involves pressure or an injury, direct pressure on the tibial nerve for an extended period of time, sometimes caused by other body structures close by or near the knee.
  • Diseases that damage nerves, including diabetes, may cause tarsal tunnel syndrome.
  • At times, tarsal tunnel syndrome can appear without an obvious cause in some cases.

The Effects of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

  • Different sensations, an afflicted person may experience pain, tingling, burning or other unusual sensations in the foot of the affected leg.
  • The foot muscles, toes and ankle become weaker, and curling your toes or flexing your foot can become difficult.
  • If condition worsens, infections and ulcers may develop on the foot that is experiencing the syndrome.

A physical exam of the leg can help identify the presence of tarsal tunnel syndrome. Medical tests, such as a nerve biopsy, are also used to diagnose the condition. Patients may receive physical therapy and prescriptive medication. In extreme cases, some may require surgery.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Belleville, NJ . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Treating Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

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